Which is the first Hindi newspaper?

Which is the first Hindi newspaper?

Introduction to the World of Indian Newspapers

As someone who has always been fascinated by the role newspapers have played in shaping societies and reflecting cultural trends, I often found myself wondering about the origins of the Indian newspaper industry. After all, newspapers are a vital source of information and have been a cornerstone of India's democratic system. In this article, I decided to delve into the history of Hindi newspapers in India, focusing primarily on finding out which was the first Hindi newspaper. So, join me on this enlightening journey into the past.

The Advent of Newspapers in India

Before we get to the first Hindi newspaper, let's walk through the lanes of history to understand how newspapers came into existence in India. The story of Indian newspapers starts with the establishment of 'Hickey's Bengal Gazette' in 1780. This was a weekly newspaper and the first of its kind in the Indian subcontinent. However, this publication was in English, not Hindi. The early newspapers in India were primarily English as they catered to the British colonists.

Emergence of Vernacular Press

As literacy rates began to rise among the Indian population in the early 19th century, there was a growing demand for newspapers in vernacular languages. This led to the emergence of newspapers in several Indian languages including Hindi, Bengali, Marathi and Gujarati. The vernacular press played a crucial role in the Indian freedom struggle by spreading awareness, fostering nationalistic sentiments, and challenging the British rule.

The First Hindi Newspaper in India

Now, let's get down to the heart of the matter - which was the first Hindi newspaper in India? The credit goes to 'Udant Martand' (The Rising Sun), which started its publication on May 30, 1826. This weekly newspaper was published by Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla in Kolkata. The newspaper was in Hindi and catered to the local populace who longed to read news in their native language.

Impact of 'Udant Martand'

The launch of 'Udant Martand' marked a significant milestone in the history of Indian journalism. It filled a crucial gap in the media landscape by providing news in a language that was understood by a substantial section of the population. The newspaper covered a range of topics including politics, social issues, and cultural events. Although it ceased publication after a few years, 'Udant Martand' paved the way for numerous Hindi newspapers that followed.

Hindi Newspapers Today

Fast forward to the present, Hindi newspapers are now a dominant part of the Indian media landscape. Following the footsteps of 'Udant Martand', several Hindi newspapers like 'Dainik Jagran', 'Dainik Bhaskar', and 'Amar Ujala' have emerged over the years, registering millions of readership across the country. These newspapers have played a critical role in informing, educating and engaging the masses, and continue to do so today.

So, there you have it - the story of the first Hindi newspaper in India. It's a story that's as fascinating as it is significant, shedding light on the evolution of Indian journalism and the crucial role that vernacular press has played in it.


Write a comment

Please check your email
Please check your message
Thank you. Your message has been sent.
Error, email not sent